Jump to content

Great Patriotic War


cardboard_killer
 Share

Recommended Posts

cardboard_killer
Posted (edited)

[80 years ago today] "• With Marshal Semyon Timoshenko taking command of Glavkom Northwest, Stalin replaces him as Defence Minister and Stavka Chairman.

• The NKGB is merged into the NKVD.

• Supreme Commander of the Heer Walther von Brauchitsch orders Generalfeldmarschall Fedor von Bock to encircle the Soviet armies around Smolensk rather than bypass and advance on Moscow with armor alone. This operation will bag a half-million Soviet troops but Bock will argue that it deprived the panzers of their opportunity to take the Soviet capitol. [This is really the beginning of the end of Op Barbarossa, the "quick" campaign to destroy the Red Army at the border. The consolidation of German gains and the encirclement at Kiev highlight the failure of the operation.]

- At this point, the panzer crews are exhausted after a month of advancing despite use of Pervitin and the formations are suffering the same issues they did in late May of 1940, with mechanical breakdowns increasing, maintenance overdue, and needing replacement of tracks.

- In three days 4. Panzergruppe is so worn out from the advance on Leningrad and battering against the Luga River line that it will be ordered back to Germany for rebuilding. [edit--4. PzGrp was never returned to Germany, only 6th Pz Div was actually sent back to Germany for requipment (from Pz 38t to Pz III)]

 

695128107_Panzer-38(t)scrossingtheRussiansteppes.jpg.2e11052df113ee6136eb9b251c9868ad.jpg

Panzer-38(t)s crossing the Russian steppes"

Edited by cardboard_killer
New stuffs come to light, man
  • Like 2
Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "• Moscow is bombed by 195 He-111s, Ju-88s, and Do-17s, with four bombers shot down. German pilots report the anti-aircraft fire to be heavier than over London, but there are few Soviet night-fighters to worry about. "

 

spacer.png

  • Like 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "• Finns capture a copy of Soviet plans to counterattack 7. Divisioona with 168th Rifle Division and 198th Motorized Division near the Jänisjoki River. The Finns adjust their forces accordingly.


• Heinrich Himmler establishes Schutzmannschaft (abbreviated Schuma), auxiliary police from the occupied territories of Eastern Europe, particularly Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Belarus, and Ukraine. They are subordinated to the Ordnungpolizei (Order Police) and will be primarily occupied with security, anti-partisan operations, and participation in the holocaust.
 
166751605_BelarusianSchuma.jpg.83ca525c6b177abdad43d5d520c7aa12.jpg
Belarusian Schuma
 
375756385_LithuanianpoliceroundingupJewsinJuly1941.jpg.85fa948b75899573446822d858d1795b.jpg
Lithuanian police rounding up Jews in July 1941"
  • Sad 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "• Soviet Twenty-sixth Army counterattacks 1. Panzergruppe, bogging it down. LVII Armeekorps issues an urgent appeal for supplies:

 
  • “It must be understood that without a rapid and plentiful supply of track rollers, track links and bolts for the Mark IV and track bolts for the Kpfw 38(t) the number of available panzers will sink further so that the combat strength of the panzer regiments will be greatly weakened. Still especially urgent is the delivery of fully operational motors, gearboxes, oil and specialized panzer grease.” [More evidence of the failure of Op Barbarossa five weeks into it]

• After a pause of several weeks, German XXXVI Armeekorps attacks from Salla in northern Finland in another attempt to cut the Murmansk railway. It makes no headway.

• Soviet destroyer Smelyi is mined while covering a minelaying operation in the Gulf of Riga. Unable to reach port, she will be scuttled by torpedo cutter TKA-54.

• With the Forțele Aeriene Române having established air superiority over Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, Adolf Hitler requests of Ion Antonescu that Romania expand its originally planned operations to occupy and pacify Ukrainian territory between Dniester and Bug Rivers. Antonescu will agree.

 

382933885_RomanianinfantryinUkraine.jpg.9c0b45ba29f1c490afbeea567f0762dc.jpg

Romanian infantry in Ukraine

 

1761221265_RomaniangravesinBessarabia.jpg.44c9467d9237f7ea97e7ca6e52139491.jpg

Romanian graves in Bessarabia"

Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "• Soviet aircraft bomb and sink German coastal freighter Elbing III near Liepāja, Latvia. [The Red Air Force bombs and sinks German minesweeper R-169 near Libau.]

• More than 700,000 Soviet troops are encircled in the Smolensk pocket. Desperate attacks are made at Yelna and Yartsevo in attempts to break out.

• 1. Panzergruppe breaks up courageous but foolhardy massed infantry attacks from Soviet Twenty-sixth Army between Kiev and Cherkassy.

• 573 ill Polish prisoners and two German criminals are ‘expended’ in tests of a shower-room carbon monoxide delivery system at Auschwitz.

• Finnish Foreign Minister Witting informs the British Ambassador that Finland has to 'interrupt' her diplomatic relations with United Kingdom. He takes pains to emphasize that Finland is not a German ally, but only a co-belligerent against the USSR. Sir Gordon Vereker replies that he fails to see the difference.

• Finnish forces are consolidating the north shore of Lake Ladoga and advancing methodically on Viipuri (modern Vyborg, Russia) NW of Leningrad and Lupasalmi in Karelia.

 

992829213_FinnwithLahtiL-3920mmanti-tankrifle28July1941.jpg.f8b2a354e9446b42249d338b88781974.jpg

Finn with Lahti L-39 20mm anti-tank rifle 28 July 1941

 

831241750_SovietPoWscapturedatLupasalmi.jpg.0886bc6b36701d6368f4a20bdfe165a7.jpg

Soviet PoWs captured at Lupasalm"

 

Finnish_tank_28_July_1941_worldwartwo.filminspector.com_4.jpg.b26c35ba04d73745d50a6c3681799336.jpg

Captured Soviet T-28 tank with Finnish crew, July 1941.

 

[Also:

 

Hauptmann (Captain) Walter Oesau leaves III./JG 3 to take the position of Kommodore of JG 2. Hptm. Werner Andres replaces Oesau as Gruppenkommandeur of III Gruppe JG 3. Lt. Max-Hellmuth Ostermann of 7./JG 54 downs a Russian I-18.

 

Holocaust: A "Euthanasia Program" begins at Auschwitz Concentration Camp when a select team of SS men arrives on Heinrich Himmler's orders. The first group of 573 sick Polish prisoners is taken from Block 15, along with two German criminals, to Sonnenstein Castle. There, under the supervision of  Franz Hössler, the 575 men are exterminated in a shower room converted into a gas chamber. This apparently is the first use of such shower rooms, which quickly become stained blue due to the residue from the gas used.]

  • Like 2
  • Sad 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "• The Soviet Union and Polish government-in-exile sign the Sikorski–Mayski Agreement in London. The first act to come out of this will be for the USSR to begin recruiting a Polish Army from the thousands of POWs held since 1939, as well as from Polish civilians who had fled from German occupied areas to Soviet territory. As part of the broad agreement, the “Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee” is organized to promote support for the Soviet fight against Germany, particularly in the West. As part of the treaty, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Non-Aggression Pact of 1939 is officially declared null and void. Władysław Sikorski will travel to Moscow in August to sign a formal alliance, appointing an Ambassador and a Military Liaison to Moscow.


• President Roosevelt’s advisor, Harry Hopkins, arrives in Moscow to discuss ways to assist the Soviet war effort.

• In a show of support for the USSR, the British launch Operation EF. While light forces reconnoiter Spitzbergen and destroy a German weather station on Bear Island, carriers Victorious and Furious launch airstrikes against German shipping and installations near Kirkenes and Petsamo. In the almost perpetual daylight, Victorious’ aircraft attack Kirkenes just as a formation of Bf-109 and Bf-110 fighters return with a flight of Ju-87s that had attacked Soviet positions.

- Other than sinking German armed trawler Rotvær and one cargo vessel that will be raised and returned to service, little damage is done and of the 57 attacking aircraft, three Fulmars and twelve Albacores are lost. Two German aircraft are lost.

- At the same time, cruiser-minelayer Adventure delivers a cargo of magnetic mines to Murmansk.

- The raid is the first operational deployment of the Hawker Sea Hurricane aboard a carrier. A pair on CAP from Furious will down a Do-18 flying boat that locates the retiring carriers tomorrow.

- Although the raid itself is a failure, it feeds Hitler’s obsession concerning an Allied invasion of Norway. He will send additional ground and air forces to Norway, and require Dönitz to have two U-Boats on station off Norway at all times, which requires the permanent basing of six submarines at Narvik and Kirkenes in what BdU considers a waste of resources. Dönitz will attempt to get the order cancelled, but be unsuccessful.

 

1071276723_HMSFuriousafterreturningfromtodaysraid.jpg.31f4dcb60abf9ccd55e69e6a03142ed4.jpg

HMS Furious after returning from todays raid"

 

spacer.png

Sea Hurricane Mk Ib in Dec-41.

 

spacer.png

Do-18

 

57511627_BF-109soverSmolenskJuly1941.jpg.da66a2d44608213651de021eb26169f6.jpg

Bf-109Es over Smolansk, Jul-1941

 

  • Like 2
  • Upvote 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "• The Tupolev TB-3 bomber was officially withdrawn from service at the end of 1939, but more than 500 are still on hand, being reactivated for night bombing missions and special operations, manned for the most part by aircrew whose newer bombers were destroyed on the ground. Today, two Naval Aviation TB-3s in “Zveno-SPB” configuration each deliver two I-16 parasite fighters with two 250 kg bombs to attack the Constanţa oil depot. The Romanian air defenses are taken completely by surprise, and the depot is badly damaged. While the fighters have the capability dock with (and even refuel from) the motherships, they return to their Crimean airfield conventionally.1444910199_SvenoSPBProjekt.jpg.a15eb209873b59575f3872e0e731f922.jpg

Sveno SPB Projekt"

  • Like 3
Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] :• Resistance ends in the Smolensk pocket. The Soviets have lost 300,000 soldiers, 3,200 tanks, and 3,100 artillery pieces. Smolensk.jpg.d6e89741639da3456731831b5cc0208a.jpg

POWs after Smolensk

 


• Germany forcibly disbands the self-proclaimed Provisional Government of Lithuania despite its eagerness to collaborate with Nazi Germany. "

  • Sad 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "• Having downed a Ju-88 the night before, Junior Lieutenant Viktor Talalikhin [flying an I-16] rams a Heinkel-111 [pieces of the plane are held at a Russian museum] over Moscow during a night raid. Both are destroyed by Talalikhin lands successfully by parachute. He will be awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union and Order of Lenin. He will transfer to MiG-3s and be shot down and killed in October.

 

spacer.png

• 16. Armee takes Staraya Russa.

• Having been encircled by German and Hungarian mechanized forces, and run out of fuel and ammunition, Soviet troops in the Uman pocket begin surrendering in large numbers.

 

• Generał Władysław Anders, captured in 1939, is released by the Soviets and appointed C-in-C of the new Polish army to be formed in Russia. Due to friction with the Soviets, Anders, many of his officers, and thousands of civilians will be expelled via Iran where most will go on to fight with the Western Allies. Anders will be commander of Polish II Corps in Italy.

 

• U-652 torpedoes the Soviet trawler PS-70 Kapitan Voronin off Murmansk. This is the first U-Boat success in the Arctic Sea.

 

JG-54_6_August_1941_worldwartwo.filminspector.com_3.jpg.9bb1793377bb55e22a481cf88512af55.jpg

Pilots of 5,/JG54 in Russia on 6 August 1941. Shown are Hubert Mutherich, Hans Philipp, Hauptmann Dietrich Hrabak and Lieutenant Josef Puhs. They are standing in front of Hrabak's Bf-109F, which shows 24 victories. Hrabak winds up with 109 victories on the Eastern Front and an additional 16 on the Western Front.

  • Like 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "• Soviet Naval Aviation TB-3 bombers deliver I-16 parasite fighters with 250 kg bombs which damage the King Carol I bridge over the Danube between Bucharest and Constanţa. A follow up raid on the 13th will knock it out of use for a few weeks.

 

1694515547_EarlySvenoSPBProjekttesting.jpg.039518eb56b1347658d75d5fd129f334.jpg

• Hungarian aircraft of the Magyar Légierő conduct a major raid on Nikolayev, taking out a key bridge which is serving as an escape route for Soviet forces across the Dnepr.

 

1449854810_MagyarLgier337Ju-86Ks.jpg.c97d05ef79a9cc77c1b0ac81a3e8dda3.jpg

Magyar Légierő Ju-86Ks"

 

From another site

 

"Polish Army: General Wladyslaw Anders, released from the Soviet Lubianka prison in Moscow on 4 August, is made commander of a new Polish Army in the Soviet Union and begins collecting Polish POWs in Buzuluk and Totskoye. It is estimated that 1.7 million men are POWs, but, in fact, about a third of those are dead from mistreatment. Those that survive and are able to serve, about 400,000 men, are given amnesty and struggle to get to the collection points in rags and using whatever transportation they can find. The Poles forming the army notice a surprising absence of officers among the released Polish POWs. Poles in the prison camps who are not soldiers are sent to work on collective farms (Kolkhoz) in Tashkent and Bukhara and the southern Aral regions."

Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "• The Soviets make official their amnesty of 400,000 Polish prisoners taken in 1939. Those who don’t join the Polish forces fighting with the Red Army will be allowed to leave or work in Soviet factories or farms. About 80,000 military and 40,000 civilians will leave, mostly via Iran, by September 1942. The Red Army will ultimately form two Polish field armies that will participate in the liberation of Poland and invasion of Germany.

- David Meyler:
 

  • About 80,000 Polish Nationalist soldiers and 40,000 civilians were sent into exile into Iran. These were troops that Stalin considered politically unreliable. Once the nationalists were out of the way, the Russians could more easily build up a Soviet-friendly Polish Peoples Army.
  • British authorities in occupied Iran were overwhelmed (they had not been informed that Stalin was also sending civilians). The Iranian army provided 2000 tents for the refugees until more permanent housing could be found. Thousands of Poles had already succumbed on the long trek across the Soviet Union due to inadequate provisioning. By the time the refugees arrived in Iran, typhus would claim more than 2800 more victims (2000 are buried in Tehran -- my wife as a small child remembers seeing the rows and rows of tombstones at the Russian Orthodox church).
  • A close bond developed between the Poles and Iranians. Although short of food themselves, Iranians shared what they had with the half-starved Poles. Hundreds of orphaned children were treated generously by the Iranian people, and Polish officers saluted their Iranian counterparts (British and Indian officers as a rule did not). To this day [written ten years ago], Dariusz (from the Iranian Daryush or Darius) is a popular Polish name.
  • Most of the Polish exile troops here were formed into the 2nd Corps, which fought as part of the British 8th Army.

227387499_SovietvesselwithPolesarrivesinIran1942.jpg.c0f5874335841183fbe95077ce92e20e.jpg

Soviet vessel with Poles arrives in Iran 1942

1044262192_Evacuation_of_Polish_Civilians_From_the_Soviet_Union_To_Persia_1942_E19024.jpg.8a92fc959f11cadd5fb04d4fe51748ff.jpg

Evacuation of Polish Civilians From the Soviet Union To Persia, 1942

 

778532386_PolishrefugeecolonyoutsideTehran.jpeg.d60148837394553ec16d80dbdf75df60.jpeg

Polish refugee colony outside Tehran"

  • Thanks 2
Link to comment
Share on other sites

=L/R=Rafcio

As usual, the rest of the communist propaganda.

There was no liberation of Poland during the Second World War. Who liberated whom in Poland in 1944-45? Certainly not the Red Army of Poles. Someone who belongs to the most enslaved state in the world cannot give freedom to someone.

The Red Army forcibly introduced a government completely dependent on the Soviets into Poland. Poles who fought for freedom were persecuted further. The camps built by the Germans and prisons were filled up again with Polish patriots. NKVD killed people en masse (https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ob%C5%82awa_augustowska). The Red Army in the areas recaptured from the Germans acted like an invader. Property was plundered, Polish women were raped and civilians were murdered. Soviet soldiers were stationed in Poland until the 1990s. What freedom can there be in a country where the Soviet army is stationed? You have never experienced it in your countries, so do not write such nonsense. Only the communists believe that Poland was liberated in 1944-45. Don't tell their lies.
The next thing is the phrase "Polish Nationalist soldiers".
Typical communist propaganda again. These were not nationalist soldiers. They were all but a small number of traitors (communists who wanted to create communist Poland) who could somehow get out of the Soviet Union despite the many adversities the Soviets used against people who wanted to join General Anders' army. Those who were informed, those who, despite adversities, set out from the farthest corners of the Soviet Union joined her. Many have failed. They were murdered while in Soviet captivity (https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zbrodnia_katy%C5%84ska), many civilians died during brutal deportations of civilians from eastern Poland before June 1941. In winter, people were put into unheated carriages and transported deep into the Soviet Union to Siberia, to Kazakhstan. It was a death sentence for the old, sick, and small children. You can imagine a situation where a mother with a few small children was dropped off somewhere in the Kazakh steppe and ordered to settle down. No home. No tools required. No food. Thousands of Poles were forced to work as slaves in the Gulag system. For many, it was overwhelming work. The mortality was very great. So the fact that these people wanted to leave the Soviet Union was not because they were nationalists. These were people who wanted to survive.

The Soviet authorities treated general Anders' army very badly. Delivery the food was very inadequate (only for the army, the Soviet authorities did not provide food for the Polish civilian population).The supplies of Soviet weapons were very poor. Forming units was difficult, so it was decided to evacuate to the Middle East, where it was possible to use British supplies.

Of course, there were many who, somewhere in Siberia, on the steppes of Kazakhstan, did not even know about the formation of the Polish army. Many were not allowed to leave their current place of residence. Out of them, of those whom I call the ones who missed the Anders' army, a Polish corps was created, which, after the Red Army seized eastern Poland (within the borders of 1939), grew to the size of the army. The second army was formed in Poland in the post-1945 borders and was used in the Berlin operation. For most of these people, it was the only way to leave the Soviet Union. There were few communists there. They were the same people as those at Anders'. Why were they called nationalists? Therefore, to call these people nationalists (of course nationalism is not a bad thing for me, but in the leftist nomenclature to call someone a nationalist is something wrong) is just a lie. People of all views were there. It was a normal Polish army. That's what these people were named after by communist propaganda, and you repeat it as usual.
 It is good that they were not called fascists, because it is so fashionable recently on the left. If he is a nationalist, he is also a fascist.
Of course, there is also real information. I pay tribute to the great Iranian people for the help given to my countrymen during the war. Thank you very much.

  • Upvote 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "German General Buhle on 19 August 1941 delivers a report on an inspection tour he has made of Army Group South. As General Halder notes in the OKH war diary, Field Marshal von Rundstedt says that "Replacements urgently needed," and those that have arrived so far have been of "indifferent quality." The artillery cannot keep up with the pace of the advance because the horses that drag it are in poor shape. About 60% of the panzer force is in combat condition, which leaves little margin for error. Divisions are in varying states of readiness, with some in good shape, but some "less good" or even "poor." [Operation Barbarossa was aimed at destroying the Red Army before it reached the Dneipr, and it failed spectacularly by this time, despite the largest single victory about to happen at Kiev.]

 

Panzer-III.jpg.bca7c8ed281e15d8f0d0c567b8843e01.jpg

 

In the Army Group South sector, the 11th Army crosses the Bug River with XI Corps. The Red Air Force attacks German troops in the Dneipr bend. At Dnepropetrovsk, the German attack begun by "Panzer" Meyer's small reconnaissance force holds its ground, and a Soviet counterattack with 100 tanks is beaten off, with 52 Soviet tanks destroyed. The Germans are trying to capture a bridge at Cherkasy. The Soviet Fifth Army is retreating, and the Germans fear they may escape from the trap they are trying to spring between General Guderian's Panzer Group 2 heading down from the north and General von Kleist's Panzer Group 4 driving north to meet it. Soviet Rear Admiral G.V. Zhukov (no relation to Red Army General Georgy) takes command of the Soviet defense of Odessa.Stug-III.jpg.83413a6fd969957358ec6aedc513a002.jpg

 

Soviet_76mm.jpg.9721b054c4c418145f3fa3f63a712c8a.jpg

A captured Soviet 76 mm F-22 gun (FK.296(r) in German nomenclature). These guns are captured in large quantities in 1941. The Germans put them to use as anti-tank guns and also slap them on obsolete Panzer II chassis to create the tank destroyer known as the Marder II. The first proposals to create the Marder II in this fashion are made in August 1941."

  • Thanks 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago yesterday] "• The Red Army, pursuing Stalin’s scorched-earth policy, blows up the Lenin-Dnieproges Dam at Zaporoje. It is the largest hydro-electric facility in the world, though Hoover Dam, with a higher vertical gradient, generates more power.

 

 


- The initial wave kills an estimated 20,000 civilians living downstream, as well as soldiers on both sides.

• As the German 16. Armee cuts the main rail link from Moscow, Marshal Voroshilov calls on the citizens of Leningrad to defend their city to the death. This is sometimes considered the beginning of the siege of Leningrad while other sources place it in early September when German troops take Shlisselburg on the southern shore of Lake Ladoga.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "In the Army Group North sector, the Germans capture Novgorod south of Leningrad. German LVI Corps (General von Manstein) and 39 Corps (motorized) attack east of the Volkhov River toward Lyuban and the Neva River. The Soviets defend with the 4th, 52nd, and 54th Armies. German LVI Corps pushes the Soviet 34th and 11th Armies back to the Lovat River.

In the Army Group Center sector, General Guderian has Panzer Group 2 begin its offensive south toward Kyiv from Starodub, while the 2nd Army also joins in 75 miles to the west. Second Army quickly seizes a key bridge, but Panzer Group 2 just as quickly runs into fierce Soviet resistance which slows his advance to a crawl. Panzer Group 3 continues fighting into Velikiye Luki.

In the Army Group South sector, General von Kleist's Panzer Group 2 captures Dnepropetrovsk south of Kyiv. Kleist aims to secure the town and its important river crossing and then head north to meet Guderian's Panzer Group 2 heading south to encircle the Soviet troops at Kyiv. Fighting dies down on the Odesa perimeter, with the Romanians relying on artillery based at Kubanka to wear down the defending Soviet troops.

 

Surrender.jpg.88e97d1900c68293292b2535ed3fa5d2.jpg

Luftwaffe ace Hermann-Friedrich Joppien, an Experten with 70 victories (42 on the Western Front), is shot down and killed southwest of Bryansk. A Soviet Polikarpov I-16 fighter shoots him down while Joppien and his wingman are attacking three Petlyakov Pe-2 bombers. He receives a posthumous Wehrmachtbericht mention on 29 August 1941, his third mention.
Joppien.jpg.a34b2b67a05e5336b1a553695daebab5.jpg

 

Ernst Udet, Director-general of Equipment for the Luftwaffe, reports sick. Udet indeed is sick, but it is not a physical illness - he is beset by depression and raging paranoia.

In essence, Udet's job is to decide what plane designs get built and which to terminate. An ace pilot and World War I hero, Udet finds administrative work extremely stressful - though he is good at it and largely responsible for turning the Luftwaffe into a deadly instrument of war. Udet is a great friend of Reichsmarschall Hermann Goering, to whom he owes his position, and feels that he has let both Goering and himself down by failing in the Battle of Britain. Udet is replaced for the time being by Inspector General Erhard Milch.

 

In the Tykocin pogrom, the SS takes about 1400-1700 Jewish residents of Tykocin in occupied Poland to nearby Łopuchowo forest and execute them.

[from wikipedia:]

spacer.png

Mass grave of Jews from Tykocin - the place of the massacre in the forest near Łopuchowo. Marked mass grave and monuments commemorating the massacre. By Gripper - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=50350716

 

"German SS and civilian authorities meet at Vinnytsia, Ukraine to discuss the fate of 20,000 Hungarian Jews interned at Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ukraine. The plan arrived at is to liquidate them by 1 September."

 

 

 

SSTroops.jpg

  • Thanks 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "• The previous evening, the Soviet X Rifle Corps disengaged from the German forces that were besieging Tallinn, Estonia, and boarded transports in the harbor. About a thousand are killed by air attacks during the embarkation, while advance German elements suffer heavy casualties from naval artillery. Four convoys depart, totaling 49 merchant and auxiliary ships escorted by heavy cruiser Kirov, 11 destroyers, 3 torpedo boats, 12 submarines, 32 minesweepers, 21 sub chasers, and several patrol boats. Several ships unready for sea are scuttled in the harbor.

- Having penetrated Soviet communications, the Axis have prepared a gauntlet for the convoys, including German and Finnish coastal batteries overlooking where the ships must pass. The Luftwaffe is ready and German and Finnish motor torpedo boat flotillas are standing by. Additional mines are laid in the transit areas.

 

mines.jpg.7367b196f969ecfc244357836f0fce40.jpg

Minelaying off Cape Juminda east of Tallinn in early August, 1941.

- No Soviet aircraft are available to support the convoys. As they round into the Gulf of Finland, aircraft attack while German and Finnish coastal artillery open fire. One steamer disintigrates on hitting a mine and unable to conduct minesweeping under fire, Red Banner Baltic Fleet Commander Admiral Vladimir Tributs aboard Kirov realizes that to slow or stop would be fatal. He orders the convoys to bull through.

 

kirov.jpg.ea4c108e1ac5788a7349a86ba4d3c435.jpg

Heavy cruiser Kirov during the evacuation with a destroyer making smoke

-Running this aerial, gunnery, and mine gauntlet the Soviets lose fifteen merchant ships, five destroyers, two torpedo boats, two submarines, and seven smaller craft. Axis motor torpedo boats attack at night and air attacks continue in the morning, but only two additional ships are sunk in the face of vigorous defense by the escorts.

- The Soviets lose over 12,000 military and civilian dead, but 28,000 troops and 66,000 tons of equipment are delivered to Kronstadt for the defense of Leningrad. This operation has been portrayed both as a disaster and a ‘Dunkirk moment’ since everything would have been lost had the attempt not been made.

- In Leningrad, ten divisions and fourteen machine gun battalions of the “People’s Volunteer Corps” are being formed with 130,000 conscripted civilians, stiffened by veteran army and naval infantry from the evacuated units as well as the Leningrad garrison and units withdrawing from Karelia.

 

1450486689_GermansoldiersinTallinn.jpg.eb45d44ec4b941f746c79dd8dc3e877f.jpg

German soldiers in Tallinn

1259523987_PartofTallinnshortlyaftertheGermanoccupation.jpg.e12aa30f2197a02b1f12dd9b29a65e91.jpg

Part of Tallinn shortly after the German occupation

 

290592467_PeoplesVolunteerCorpstroopsKronstadt1941.jpg.cd687277f6aa2ddf875822e257fb9638.jpg

Peoples Volunteer Corps troops Kronstadt 1941

 

""Freedom fighters" in Tallinn, Estonia celebrate the departure of the Soviet military and their "freedom," 28 August 1941."

Tallinn.jpg.4c8c4e72cc3be7c861b3d2f82b306880.jpg

  • Like 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "The ships of Operation Dervish, the first British convoy to the Soviet Union, reach Archangel. It includes six freighters an oiler escorted by the aircraft carrier HMS Victorious, heavy cruisers Devonshire and Suffolk, and several destroyers. Four Soviet destroyers greet the convoy at sea and guide it in."

 

"The operation had been under such secrecy that some of the British ships are taken under rifle fire by Soviet troops ashore and no port workers had been mobilized, requiring ship crews to begin the unloading themselves. "

 

Soviet_Marines_31_August_1941.thumb.jpg.a5e3e44c9b80cd1a477b2a2e67cd9b8d.jpg

Soviet Marines, 31-Aug-1941

 

spacer.png

German crew sighting the 20mm cannon on a Bf 109F fighter of JG 54 "Greenhearts" (Grünherz) fighter wing, near Leningrad, Russia, August 1941 (Reiners, Federal Archive, Bild 101I-390-1220-19)"

 

"• After a light brigade of Finnish troops made an amphibious landing and cut the coastal road to Viipuri, the 43rd Rifle Division had been ordered to counterattack. They did so but Finnish 8. Divisioona reinforced along the road. Major General Vladimir Kirpichnikov’s troops actually push both Finnish formations back and retake the village or Porlampi, but the rest of Soviet Twenty-third Army is withdrawing towards Leningrad where the Karelian isthmus is narrower and more defensible. The 43rd is isolated when additional units of IV Armeijakunta reinforce and the Rifle Division will be destroyed by the 1st of September. 7,000 Soviets are killed and 9,000 taken prisoner, with a number of stragglers being rescued by light Soviet naval units along the forested coast as late as November.

 

 

1220903185_SovietartillerycapturedbyFinnsatPorlampi.jpg.8b4144f46754db2afedc2deb2484e2bf.jpg

Soviet artillery captured by Finns at Porlampi

 

• With VIII Fliegerkorps making incendiary raids, Leningrad Communist Party Secretary Andrei Zhdanov is organizing fortifications and firefighting teams. He proclaims, “We are digging fascism a grave in front of Leningrad.”

 

994299925_BuildingLeningradFortifications.jpg.c7cd48ccf6c920d00b6ddc69cda7e7ed.jpg

Building Leningrad Fortifications

 

998611175_SovietsoldierteachescivilianshowtodisarmanunexplodedGermanincendiary.jpg.555b8a50b0abe4d928ebe0c65a84e88b.jpg

Soviet soldier teaches civilians how to disarm an unexploded German incendiary"

 

 

Also

 

"• An SS Eisatzgruppe operating around Vilnius reports that this day they and local militia have killed "1,404 Jewish children, 1,763 Jews, 1,812 Jewesses, 109 mentally sick people, one German woman who was married to a Jew, and one Russian woman."

  • Thanks 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "• Shortly after the German invasion, STAVKA put out requirements for troop and transport gliders. Gribovsky and Antonov put forward designs that begin testing today. Both will be accepted for service with 400 A-7 and 580 G-11 gliders produced.

- While western gliders will be used mainly for airborne assaults, the majority of Soviet gliders will be used to supply partisans with supplies and equipment that cannot be parachuted. In 1943, Sergei Anokhin will pilot a Gribovsky G-11 behind enemy lines, then rig it to be “snatched” and recovered by a Tupolev SB in order to evacuate wounded partisans.

 

890727358_GribovskyG-11.jpg.bc93614024e5d30501b9a9961db77ea8.jpg

Gribovsky G-11

 

606875112_AntonovAN-7model.jpg.41f8bd5fee70ba5847c7517efbd94e1b.jpg

Antonov AN-7 model"

 

Also, Also on 1-Sep-1941, the Bereznyak-Isayev BI-1 was ready for gliding test, while waiting for its rocket engine to be finalized.

 

spacer.png

Link to comment
Share on other sites

On 8/28/2021 at 4:11 PM, cardboard_killer said:

-Running this aerial, gunnery, and mine gauntlet the Soviets lose fifteen merchant ships, five destroyers, two torpedo boats, two submarines, and seven smaller craft.

 

I recently saw a documentary about this event. They have already identified over 60 ships that were lost during that operation. Wikipedia mentions 16 warships, 28 large transports, 6 small transports and 34 merchant vessels (that is 84 in total). It has been estimated that during WWII as a whole in total 500+ ships were sunk by mines, which means that more than 10% of all mine-sinkings of WWII happened during these two days. (Some were also lost to aerial attacks and coastal batteries.)

 

On 8/28/2021 at 4:11 PM, cardboard_killer said:

- The Soviets lose over 12,000 military and civilian dead, but 28,000 troops and 66,000 tons of equipment are delivered to Kronstadt for the defense of Leningrad.

 

In the documentary they said that there were over 15,000 dead, approximately same amount as in Battle of Leyte Gulf, which makes it the third-forth biggest loss of life at sea ever. (Biggest ever is Battle of Yamen in 1276 between Song and Yuan dynasties and second biggest is Battle of Lepanto in 1571 between Ottomans and Holy League.)

Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "• In response to OKH and OKW concerns over the focus on the south, Hitler assents and issues a directive on the taking of Moscow. This will become Operation Typhoon.

• Black Sea: The forty year old Soviet cruiser Komintern bombards Romanian positions around Fontaka and engages a coastal artillery battery. Soviet submarine S-34 fires torpedoes at Romanian gunboat Dumitrescu off Cape Shabla but misses.

 

486681388_Cruiser105010861084108010851090107710881085in1941.jpg.f7ed635cd0cf174c805f002ad77f9f57.jpg

Cruiser Коминтерн in 1941

 

• Baltic Sea: The thirty year old Soviet battleships Marat and Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya as well as heavy cruisers Maksim Gorkiy and Petropavlovsk (ex-German Lützow) bombard the advancing 18. Armee as it closes on Leningrad. The ships are firing from Leningrad itself or from the Kronstadt naval base. The ships will employ secondary batteries and destroyers will join in with main batteries as the Germans get closer.

 

370485305_Battleship10521072108810721090.jpg.ef03230d4052aa3b77c3741039d9d52d.jpg

Battleship Марат

 

- The Luftwaffe mounts a major effort over Leningrad, bombing the city with incendiaries and targeting naval units with Stukas. The operation is conducted without proper preparation and incurs heavy losses for minimal results. German ace Hubert Mütherich, Staffelkapitän of 5/JG 54 is shot up and killed when he crashes on return to base.

616383274_NavalAviationPolikarpovI-16satKronstadt.jpg.db1af0bd745717776be61cea209ee776.jpg

Naval Aviation Polikarpov I-16s at Kronstadt

 


• Arctic Sea: HMS Argus launches Hurricanes of 151 Wing RAF that fly to Murmansk. They will operate from land bases in northern Russia. HMS Victorious launches airstrikes on Tromsø but little damage is done.

 

1843879468_HMSVictoriousoffNorwaySept1941.jpg.ebe26ba271c03098428efb10c803dfc4.jpg

HMS Victorious off Norway Sept 1941

 

929798117_RAFHurricaneMk-IIBatVaengaairfieldinOctober1941.jpg.5098db7ec6194134feb7442166f58452.jpg

RAF Hurricane Mk-IIB at Vaenga airfield in October 1941

 

• The autonomous Volga German Republic is formally abolished by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. Non-Jewish Germans had been invited to Russia in the 18th Century by Catherine the Great and have ever since maintained their own identity and culture. Centered on the city of Engels, some 235 miles upstream of Stalingrad, the republic consists of 22 cantons and numerous towns and villages. Concerned that the population will collaborate with the Nazis, they are stripped of their Soviet citizenship and rounded up by Red Army and NKVD troops for deportation to Kazakhstan and Siberia.

volga.jpg.f9beab4a595c018b030e2c73232149ff.jpg

Volga Germans gathering for transport. 438,000 people will be deported in freight trains to with between 20% and 40% perishing by 1945.

- After Stalin’s death their citizenship will be restored and they are allowed to return, though at their own expense. A majority will stay where they were resettled. In 1956 Nikita Khrushchev will condemn the deportations and propose restoring their property but be overthrown before he can do so. Boris Yeltsin will enact a commission to begin restoration, but the proceedings will subsequently be stopped by Vladimir Putin. "

  • Like 2
  • Thanks 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today (speaking of ground loops)] "The Luftwaffe mounts a major raid to soften the [Leningrad] up, a typical tactic for the Germans which they will follow again almost exactly a year from now at Stalingrad. Junkers Ju-87 Stukas of StG 2, accompanied by Bf 109 fighters of elite squadron JG 54, concentrate on the Soviet Baltic fleet parked at Kronstadt and Leningrad Harbor. Things go badly quickly for the Luftwaffe, as 43-ace Oblt. Hubert Mütherich, Staffelkapitän of 5./JG 54, perishes when his badly damaged Bf 109 somersaults upon landing. The Red Air Force is not much of a problem, but Soviet anti-aircraft fire over cities is deadly.

 

MUTHEBILD.jpg.62ead6efa44e003ee28aa4afef08268d.jpg

"Oberleutnant Mütherich was killed on September 9, 1941, when his Messerschmitt 109 made a ground loop during a force-landing following a dogfight with Soviet fighters near Leningrad. He was accredited with a total of 43 confirmed victories."

Capture.JPG.c478c7c22015fafce559a4600d48ed53.JPG

Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "• Soviet bombers attack the port of Helsinki, Finland.

 

837116479_PortofHelsinkiduringtheraid.jpg.bc9afc1f2fd1a790ddea745a83a6fd48.jpg

Port of Helsinki during the raid.

• The 3. And 16. Panzer Divisions link up at Lokhvitsa, completing the encirclement of Kiev.

• OKW reports that 13.5% of all German forces on the Russian front have been killed, wounded, or are missing, and that several panzer divisions are at 30% effectiveness.

• Soviet spy Richard Sorge (covered as a German journalist and Nazi party member in Tokyo) advises the Soviet Union that the Japanese will not attack the Soviet Union until:

  • - Moscow is captured
     
  • - The size of the Kwantung Army is three times that of the Soviet Union's Far Eastern forces
     
  • - A civil war has started in Siberia (possibly abetted by exile white Russian forces in Harbin if Japan allows)

Sorge.jpg.235f8d3bff9014d7bc7474fd80fa1c04.jpg

Richard Sorge

- Sorge had previously warned the USSR about Barbarossa but had been ignored. This later information allows the transfer of Soviet divisions from the Far East, although the presence of the Kwantung Army in Manchuria requires the Soviet Union to keep an equivalent force in theater."

Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[20 years ago today] "German General Hans-Valentin Hube's 16th Panzer Division (General von Kleist's 1st Panzer Group) meets 3rd Panzer Division (General Guderian's 2nd Panzer Group) at Lokhvista, Ukraine, 125 miles (201 kilometers) east of Kiev. While the German line still needs to be strengthened, this meeting is the first major step in trapping four Soviet armies (5, 21, 26 and 37) and over 600,000 soldiers at Kiev."

Soviet-situation-mid-September.jpg.0b048548d7760280bb5970ac5268d045.jpg

 

[Perhaps the largest single encirclement battle of history; it took major cooperation from Stalin, who refused numerous requests and suggestions that the troops retreat.]

 

"• An assault by 18. Armee on Leningrad is stopped by elements of Forty-second and Fifty-fifth Armies. The Panzerkorps begin to pull back, replenish, and reorient for the advance on Moscow. [Note that this reorientation took a major toll on the mobile divisions of AGN, which had to traverse hundreds of kilometers without much rail capacity.]

 

• Overnight, a storm on Lake Ladoga sinks a barge carrying refugees from Leningrad, and damages other vessels including some bringing medical personnel and engineers to the city. Hundreds are drowned. A 2019 Russian film will dramatize the event, combining the stories of several vessels.

 

 

722120955_BargeonLakeLadogainSeptember1942.jpg.2732008c1f93898c0c5f33e26a413754.jpg

Barge on Lake Ladoga in September 1942"

Link to comment
Share on other sites

cardboard_killer

[80 years ago today] "• The USSR announces conscription of all men aged 16 to 50.

• In a contentious meeting, the British War Cabinet decides to share the latest radar technology with the beleaguered Soviet Union.

• RAF Hurricanes begin flying missions from Vaenga airfield near Murmansk.

 

1074349505_2.HurricaneIIBZ3577FN-5581Sqn151WingVaenga-USSRSep1941.jpg.75eaedf7a858b5ee7b9249265a3fc651.jpg

Hurricane Mk IIB Z3577 ‘FN-55’ RAF 81 Sqn, 151 Wing RAF at Vaenga, USSR, in September 1941.

 

[And another "lest we forget moment"]

 

• SS-Brigadeführer Hermann Fegelein issues a report to Himmler regarding his SS-Kavallerie-Brigade’s deployment to conduct “systematic combing of the Pripyat swamps”. He reports that the brigade killed 14,178 Jews, 1,001 partisans, 699 Red Army soldiers, with 830 prisoners taken and losses of 17 dead, 36 wounded, and 3 missing. He apologizes for not drowning the Jewish women and children as directed but notes that the waters were too shallow so they were instead shot."

 

SSCavalry.jpg.805f2a3514cc33a0f73617d680793637.jpg

 

 

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!

Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.

Sign In Now
 Share

×
×
  • Create New...